Interested in using one of our AIS Receivers or Transponders with a Chart Plotter? This Tech Note provides an overview of how to do it.
By Doug Miller, Milltech Marine Inc.
AIS Receivers and Transponders can be used with chartplotters that support AIS. Most chartplotters older than 12 years do not support AIS. If you are unsure whether your chartplotter will work with AIS, check your product manual or contact the manufacturer.
If you have a Comar R220U, an AMEC AIS device, an em-trak AIS device or any of the Vesper Marine XB products, you can ignore most of this page. Simply follow the directions that come with the products and connect the NMEA output wires from the AIS system to the NMEA input wires in the chart plotter.
In general, if you are planning on using an AIS receiver with a chart plotter that uses true NMEA 0183 RS422 input and output, you should buy an AIS device that has true NMEA 0183 RS422 output capability. This feature is included in the Comar R220U AIS receiver product, the AMEC products, em-trak products, Vesper products and most AIS transponders. These AIS products will all work well with chart plotters that support input from AIS systems.
For example, if you are connecting the AMEC CAMINO-108 Class B transponder to a NMEA chart plotter, then connect the CAMINO-108 GRAY RS422 TXP wire to the NMEA positive input wire on the chart plotter and the YELLOW RS422 TXN wire to the NMEA negative input wire on the chart plotter.
NOTE: The Smart Radio AIS Receivers use an RS232 serial port to exchange data with devices. This works well for devices such as computers however the Smart Radio products often do not work well or can be damaged when used with a RS422 chart plotter. Therefore do not use Smart Radio products with chart plotter systems that use NMEA RS422 electrical signaling which is not compatible with the RS232 signals that the Smart Radio units use.
NMEA RS422 chart plotters include all pre-Axiom Raymarine chart plotters and Garmin chart plotters. If you have one of these systems, then please use one of our NMEA-compatible AIS Receiver or an AIS transponder. Again, do not use Smart Radio AIS receivers with RS422 NMEA chart plotters.
Most of the popular chart plotters models now support AIS. This includes:
- Raymarine C Series. E and G Series and newer models. Note the newer Axiom models no longer support NMEA 0183 so you need to use NMEA 2000 to interface these with an AIS device.
- Garmin models
- Virtually all other brands of chart plotters
As well, many other models from other vendors also work with AIS. Check with your chart plotter vendor to ensure that AIS is supported.
What is required to connect an AIS Receiver or Transponder to my chart plotter?
On the AIS device end, you need:
- A NMEA-compatible AIS Receiver or an AIS Transponder.
- A dedicated connection to a new or existing VHF antenna or install one of our VHF Antenna Splitters to use your existing VHF antenna,
- A connection to 12 volt DC power for the AIS device and the optional VHF Antenna Splitter,
- The NMEA cables are included with your AIS device and will be used to connect to the chart plotter.
On the chart plotter end, you will need:
- A cable supplied by the chart plotter manufacturer for connecting optional NMEA or RS232 devices,
- Your chart plotter installation manual (in order to determine which wires to connect to),
- A method for connecting the output wires from the AIS device to the input wires on the chart plotter (e.g. a patch panel or terminal block).
If you are also connecting to a computer, you will need:
- For AIS receiving, use a Comar R220U, em-trak R300 or an AMEC CYPHO-150/150S which includes both a NMEA output for connection to a chart plotter and a USB output for connection to a computer.
- For AIS transponders built by AMEC, em-trak (B900) and the Vesper Marine (XB transponders), there are connections for both NMEA output to a chart plotter and USB interface for a computer.
How do I connect the AIS receiver or transponder to the chart plotter using NMEA 0183
Before attempting to connect your AIS device to a chart plotter, please ensure that power is turned off to all devices. We mean it!
Any attempt to wire your AIS device to another device with the power on to either device will result in damage to your AIS device and will void your warranty.
Only two wires should be connected between the AIS device and the chart plotter. Normally chart plotters have one or more NMEA or RS232 input / output ports for connecting peripherals such as AIS receivers. Chart plotters use a system for input ports based on one of the following two standards:
- Some chart plotters use a single signal wire for each inbound port and share a common ground for all input and output ports. For the Comar and AMEC products, the NMEA +ve goes to an available chart plotter input signal wire and the NMEA -ve is connected to the common ground wire. For example, some Garmin models use this system.
- The other method uses a pair of wires for each NMEA input port with one wire being a positive signal wire and other wire being a negative signal wire. The negative signal is isolated from the ground system on the boat.
For the Comar, em-trak, Vesper and AMEC products, the NMEA +ve goes to an available chart plotter input positive signal wire and the NMEA -ve is connected to the input negative signal wire for the same port.
Consult the installation documentation for your chart plotter and AIS device before attempting to connect your AIS device to a chart plotter. Incorrect installation can result in damage to both your AIS device and the chart plotter.
NOTE: The NMEA input wires for the AIS device are typically not connected to any wire on the chart plotter. As well, the output wires from the NMEA ports on the chart plotter should not be connected to the AIS device. The one exception is the AMEC CAMINO-108 which can use the NMEA GPS output from a chartplotter as its GPS source. Once again, before attempting to connect your AIS receiver to a chart plotter, please ensure that power is turned off to all devices. Any attempt to wire your AIS receiver to another device with the power on to either device will result in damage to your AIS receiver and will void your warranty.
Once the wires have been connected correctly and power has been turned on to both devices, you will need to set the baud rate on the chart plotter to the correct speed. By default, most chart plotters use 4800 baud for each port however the baud rate for the AIS device is set to 38400 baud by default. To resolve this, you need to ensure that the chart plotter baud rate for the port you are using is set to 38400 baud or "high speed". See your chart plotter documentation for instructions on how to do this. As an alternative, you can change the baud rate on the AIS device to 4800 baud. See our product documentation for details on how to do this. Finally, you may need to turn on or configure the display of AIS targets using your chart plotter set up menus. Again, see your chart plotter documentation for instructions on how to do this.
Garmin 4000 and 5000 model notes
The Garmin 4000 and 5000 series models use a paired signal wire system for the input ports for connecting NMEA devices. Smart Radio AIS Receivers are not supported for use with Garmin 4000 and 5000 chart plotters. This problem is due to the signal voltages used by the Garmin device. Our NMEA-compatible AIS receivers and AIS transponder products do not have this issue and should work without modification with all Garmin models.
Raymarine C and E Series notes
The Raymarine C and E Series products also use a paired wire system for connecting an input NMEA device, so the above instructions for connecting to systems using paired signal wires will work fine. The following diagram from Raymarine's installation documentation shows the pin-outs for the NMEA Input Cable.
We do not support using any Smart Radio AIS Receivers with Raymarine chart plotters since these chart plotters use true NMEA RS422 signaling.
For best results use one of our NMEA-compatible AIS receivers or one of the AIS transponder products. Simply connect the two NMEA output wires from the AIS device to the white NMEA Input (+ve) wire and the green NMEA Input (-ve) common wire on the Raymarine NMEA 0183 cable.
If you are connecting a Vesper XB-series or AMEC CAMINO-108 Class B transponder to a NMEA chart plotter, then connect the transponder GRAY RS422 TXP wire to the NMEA positive input wire on the chart plotter and the transponder YELLOW RS422 TXN wire to the NMEA negative input wire on the chart plotter.
NOTE: The Raymarine NMEA 0183 Cable is required to connect an AIS receiver to the Raymarine chart plotters. This cable plugs into the back of the chart plotter and is supplied by Raymarine. The cable has bare leads on the end for mating with NMEA devices such as AIS receivers.
These are the basic steps. Once you have your AIS device connected to your chart plotter, you should see icons for both your own position and for AIS transponder-equipped vessels that are near you.
Some customers have noted that even if the systems are wired correctly, the chart plotter will not show the AIS system as being active. This is due to the way some chart plotters recognize an AIS receiver. In order for it to "see" the receiver, valid AIS data must be coming into the input port on the chart plotter at the correct baud rate. So if the baud rate is not set to the same value for both devices or if there are no AIS targets nearby, then the chart plotter may indicate that AIS is not active.
To resolve this, ensure that the baud rate is set correctly and you are in an area that has AIS targets. Most chart plotters include the ability to "zoom" into the target to view the full information about the vessel such as the vessel name, call sign, destination etc.